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The Pacific Express
Canadian Pacific Railway
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Here we will cover the Canadian Pacific Railway, its present operations, facilities, passenger operations of the past and present passenger operations operated for GO Transit, Montreal's STCUM, and VIA Rail Canada. The supporting material section is where sample freight schedules, passenger timetables, roster information will be found. All other text material will be found in the main section. Welcome aboard The Canadian.

The Canadian Pacific Railway, founded in 1881, is a 13,800 mile railroad that spans most of Canada and the northeastern quarter of the United States. While the railroad is best remembered for its fine Canadian passenger train, which started its first run on April 23-24,1955 and made its last run over its traditional Canadian Pacific route in early 1990. Today, the railway's main focus is on the range of freight service it provides its customers throughout its service area. In addition, Canadian Pacific is also well known for its large battalion of GM SD40/SD40-2 3000 hp road freight locomotives, of which the railway had more than 600 of the units. That fleet has dwindled to 449 units, all of them SD40-2s. Operationally, the railroad is divided into four main line corridors, plus the feeder and collector lines. The main line corridors are as follows:



1.Western Corridor;Vancouver,BC to Moose Jaw,Sask. Major yards in this territory are at Vancouver,Calgary,Edmonton,and Moose Jaw, with locomotive and car repair facilities at Vancouver,Goldern, and Moose Jaw.



2.Southern Corridor: Moose Jaw-Twin Cities-Milwaukee-Chicago. Major yards in this territory are at Chicago, St.Paul,Glenwood,with locomotive repair shop in St. Paul and car shops in St.Paul and Chicago.



3.Central Corridor: Moose Jaw-Winnepeg-Toronto. Major yards in this territory are located at Saskatoon,Winnepeg,Thunder Bay, and Toronto. Locomotive shops are at Winnipeg,Toronto.Car shops are at Winnipeg,Thunder Bay, and Toronto.



4.Eastern Corridor: Montreal,PQ to Sunbury,PA.Major yards in this territory are at Montreal,Chicago,Toronto, and Binghamton,NY. Car and locomotive repair facilities are found at Toronto,Chicago,Montreal and Binghamton.

The total mileage of 13,800 breaks down as follows:

1.MAINLINE CORRIDORS

A.Western Corridor, 1075

B.Southern Corridor,1145

C.Central Corridor,1625

D.Eastern Corridor,901

2.MAIN COLLECTORS AND FEEDERS

A.Coal route, 290 miles

B.Calgary-Edmonton,190 miles

C.Pacific CanAm Route,396 miles

D.Winnipeg-Glenwood, 327 miles

E.Minneapolis-Duluth/Superior,170 miles

F.Edmonton-Winnipeg, 847 miles

G.Smiths Falls-Sudbury,305 miles

H.Montreal-Sudbury,639 miles

I.Guelph Jct.-Binghamton, 293 miles

LOCOMOTIVE FLEET COMPOSITION AND BREAKDOWN BY TYPE

A.Road Freight, 3000 hp and up, 1124

B.Roadswitcher 289

C.Yardswitcher 260

D.Short Term Leased 2

Total locomotive fleet 1655 units

ROAD FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVES BY TYPE

1.EMD GP40 14 units

2.EMD GP40-2 16 units

3.EMD SD40-2 449 units

4.EMD SD60 63 units

5.EMD SD90MAC 81 units

6.EMD SD90MAC 4 units

7.GE AC4400 497 units
FREIGHT CARS BY TYPE
Covered Hoppers 26,200
Open Top Hoppers 5,400
Boxcars 6,100
Gondolas 2,900
Flats 3,000
Automotive 3,300
As can be seen by the predominance of covered hopper cars as the major car types, bulk commodities, such as grain, potash, and the like make up much of the freight traffic of the railway. To classify groups of freight cars into new trains, the following are the major freight classification yards around the Canadian Pacific system and their daily car capacities:
1.Vancouver,BC 2500
2.Calgary,AB 2224
3.Edmonton,AB 540
4.Saskatoon,SA 765
5.Moose Jaw,SA 1309
6.Winnipeg,MA 2400
7.Glenwood,MN 756
8.St.Paul,MN 1600
9.Thunder Bay,ON 2679
10.Chicago,IL 2100
11.Toronto,ON 3000
12.Montreal,PQ 1650
13.Binghamton,NY 700
All of these yards and smaller satellite facilities handle the carload freight traffic of the railway, while intermodal freight is handled by the following terminals with their annual lift capacities:
1.Great Meadows(Vancouver,BC) 264,000
2.Calgary 220,000
3.Edmonton 115,000
4.Regina 25,000
5.Winnipeg 115,000
6.Minneapolis 100,000
7.Dryden,ON 12,000
8.Thunder Bay,ON 10,000
9.Milwaukee,WI 18,000
10.Bensenville,IL 135,000
11.Schiller Park,IL 145,000
12.Detroit,MI 98,000
13.Obico(Toronto,ON) 170,000
14.Vaughan(Toronto,ON) 664,000
15.Lachine(Montreal,PQ) 275,000
16.Ameriport(Philadelphia),PA 40,000
17.Taylor,PA 10,000
18.Oak Island(Newark),NJ 30,000
19.Albany,NY 20,000
All these facilities handle the intermodal business of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This traffic moves in both dedicated trains as well as regular freight trains handling regular carload traffic.

Section 1. Freight Schedules and Timetables. This section contains freight schedules, and in condensed form, sample passenger train schedules once operated by Canadian Pacific Railway.

Table1.Train 423. Daily Buffalo,NY to London,ONT

Lv Buffalo, NY 1600
Ps Fort Erie,ON 1700
Ar Welland,ON 1750
Lv Welland,ON 1835
Ar Kinnear,ON 2005
Lv Kinnear,ON 2050
Ps Desjardins,ON 2105
Ps Guelph Jct.,ON 2210
Ar Galt,ON 2255
Lv Galt,ON 2340
Ps Woodstock,ON 0040
Ar London, ON 0150

This is a manifest/autoparts train operated in conjunction with CSXT.
Table 2.Train 135 Buffalo,NY to Oshawa,ON
Lv Buffalo,NY 1930
Ps Fort Erie,ON 2030
Ar Welland,ON 2120
Lv Welland,ON 2250
Ps Kinnear,ON 0001
Ps Hamilton,ON 0005
Ps Guelph Jct.,ON 0215
AR West Toronto,ON 0315
Lv West Toronto,ON 0400
Ar Toronto Yard,ON 0430
Lv Toronto Yard,ON 0445
AR Oshawa,ON 0525
Table 3. Train 242(CSXTZ455) Toronto to Buffalo
Daily
Lv Toronto Yard 0115
AR West Toronto 0145
Lv West Toronto 0230
Ps Guelph Jct. 0425
Ar Kinnear,ON 0550
Lv Kinnear,ON 0720
Ar Welland,ON 0850
Lv Welland,ON 1135
Ps Fort Erie,ON 1225
Ar Buffalo,NY 1325
Table 4. Train 413.Harrisburg-Enola,PA to Saratoga Springs,NY. Daily Receive connections from NS train 12R
Lv Harrisbug-Enola,PA 1300
Ps Sunbury,PA 1500
Ar Taylor,PA 1915
Lv Taylor,PA 1935
Ar Binghamton,NY 2220
Lv Binghamton,NY 0450
Ar Glenville-Mohawk,NY 1050
Lv Glenville-Mohawk,NY 1150
Ar Saratoga Springs,NY 1240
Table 5.Train 412.Dly Sartoga Springs,NY to Harrisburg-Enola,PA. Connect to NS Train 11R.

Lv Saratoga Springs,NY 1500
Ar Glenville-Mohawk,NY 1540
Lv Glenville-Mohawk,NY 1740
Ps Delanson,NY 1828
Ar Binghamton,NY 2345
Lv Binghamton,NY 0245
Ar Taylor,PA 0505
Lv Taylor,PA 0525
Ar Sunbury,PA 0925
Lv Sunbury,PA 0955
Ar Harrisburg-Enola,PA 1155
On a typical day, Canadian Pacific Railway, systemwide,has 69,180 freight cars on the entire system. These consist of the following car types:
1.Boxcars,7416
2.Covered Hoppers,28,966
3.Gondolas,3408
4.intermodal,8244
5.Multilevels,2839
6.Open top Hoppers,5874
7.Tanks, 8577
8.Other,3856
All of which are handled in the following types of trains, of which CP operates more than 750 per day systemwide:
1.Manifest
2.Intermodal
3.Multilevel
4.Unit Coal
5.Unit Grain
Major terminals supporting the railroad's freight service are located at: Calgary,Chicago,Milwaukee,Montreal, Moose Jaw, St. Paul, Thunder Bay,Toronto,Vancouver, and Winnipeg, for which car handling capacities have already been mentioned earlier. As for motive power hauling these trains,though their ranks have thinned out somewhat, the EMD SD40-2 3000 hp road locomotive remains the workhorse of the Canadian Pacific diesel fleet and that includes units assigned to Soo Line and Delaware and Hudson as well. While the locomotive is aging gracefully, its ranks are still putting in days and hours of reliable service for the railway, a tribute to the engineers who perfected the 645 engine back in the 1960s and turned the original SD40 and the SD40-2, into the best selling diesel locomotive of all time to date.

PASSENGER OPERATIONS

None of these is now operated by Canadian Pacific for its own account,but CP does,however operate certain GO Transit commuter trains under contract in the Toronto area and the Montreal area STCUM commuter service. The most noted train on the CP system for many years was THE CANADIAN, whose 1976 and 1982 schedules follow. The train made its first runs on April 24,1955.

Table1. 1976 schedule for THE CANADIAN

1........Stations.........2
1115 Lv Montreal.....Ar.2005
1133.Lv Dorval.......Lv.1950
1335.Lv Ottawa.......Lv.1755
1655.Lv Chalk River..Lv.1430
1935.Lv.North Bay....Lv 1150
2115.Ar.Sudbury......Lv.1000
11.......Stations.........12
1530...Lv Toronto....Ar 1610
1540...Lv W.Toronto..Lv 1550
1909...Lv Parry Sound Lv1225
2135...Ar Sudbury....LV1010
..1.....Stations..........2
2225.. Lv Sudbury..Ar.0920
0610...Lv White River 0140
1255...Lv Thunder Bay 1910
1752...Lv Winnipeg..Lv0920
0355...Lv Regina....Lv0145
0500...Lv Moose Jaw.Lv0055
1255...Lv Calgary...Lv1300
1510...Lv Banff.....Lv1205
1555...Lv Lake Louise.1110
0825...Ar Vancouver.Lv1745
For many years the Montreal and Toronto sections of the Canadian were combined and split at Sudbury,Ontario, a key junction point on Canadian Pacific's transcontinental main line. In 1982, this switching was eliminated by the reroute of the train to operate via Toronto in both directions, thus passengers boarding at stations west of Sudbury did not have to change trains,since the Canadian, by that time, was operating all the way as one single train in both directions,thus eliminating the splitting and combination operation at Sudbury.The following is the 1982 schedule for The Canadian,which by then, had begun operating as a single through train between Montreal and Vancouver with a reroute through Toronto so as to eliminate the cost and expense of the separate Toronto Section and the time needed to switch it into and out of the main train.
Table 2. 1982 Condensed Schedule of THE CANADIAN.
..1.........Stations........2....
1630..Lv..Montreal,PQ..Ar1510....
1651..Lv..Dorval.......Lv1445
1930..Lv..Kingston,ON..Lv1142
2210..Ar..Toronto,ON...Lv0900
2359..Lv..Toronto,ON...Ar0700
0140..Lv..Barrie.......Lv0523
0730..Ar..Sudbury,ON...Lv2330
0805..Lv..Sudbury,ON...Ar2255
0040..Ar..Thunder Bay..Lv0725
0115..Lv..Thunder Bay..Ar0640
1000..Ar..Winnipeg,MN..Lv2010
1330..Lv..Winnipeg,MN..Ar1800
1650..Ar..Brandon......Lv1445
1705..Lv..Brandon......Ar1425
2205..Ar..Regina.......Lv0920
2215..Lv..Regina.......Ar0910
0810..Ar..Calgary......Lv2150
1030..Lv..Calgary......Ar2040
1240..Ar..Banff........Lv1835
1250..Lv..Banff........Ar1825
2230..Ar..Kamloops.....Lv0625
2245..Lv..Kamloops.....Ar0610
0610..Lv..Port Coquitlam2245
0700..Ar..Vancouver,BC.Lv2145
Train often ran with a mix of F units and boiler equipped GP9s and RS18s as motive power, usually three to five units depending on size of train and passenger load.

TRANSCONTINENTAL FREIGHT OPERATIONS

The following are the principal transcontinental freight trains operating between Montreal,Toronto, and Vancouver,BC.

CP 100 Series trains:

101: Toronto-Vaughan to Vancouver (VIF) automotive,intermodal,daily,except Sunday, locotrol & 9500' max.

102: Vancouver to Toronto-Vaughan domestic intermodal, daily

103.Toronto-Vaughan to Edmonton (via Calgary) autoracks,intermodal,daily except Monday, locotrol train and 9500' max.

104.Edmonton to Toronto Vaughan-Intermodal,empty autoracks, merchandise ex Thunder Bay. Daily except Sunday and Monday.

105. Toronto-Vaughan to Calgary-autoracks, intermodal. Daily except Monday, mostly 48' and 53'containers and locotrol train.

106.Vancouver to Toronto-Intermodal (102 overflow),imported automotive,daily 7000'

107.Montreal to Vancouver automotive,intermodal, daily.

108.Vancouver (VIF) to Montreal (Hochelaga) intermodal,automotive, daily.

109Toronto-Vaughan to Vancouver Deltaport marine intermodal operates Monday only with locotrol.

114.Edmonton (via Calgary) to Toronto,intermodal, operates daily.

115.Toronto to Vancouver, intermodal, Thunder Bay automotive, mixed freight, daily except Monday, and locotrol.

119. Montreal to Vancouver, intermodal and automotive, daily except Sunday and locotrol train.

120.Calgary to Montreal (Hochelaga) operates daily, Lachine intermodal and manifest.

CP200 series

202 Vancouver to Toronto, marine intermodal overflow. operates as needed.

206.Winnipeg to Montreal, as required, merchandise

208 Vancouver to Montreal, as required; intermodal, automotive.

271 Montreal to Vancover, as required, intermodal, automotive.

274 Calgary to Toronto, intermodal,merchandise, empty autoracks,daily.

275.Toronto to Vancouver, as required, intermodal. 300 series trains not yet available..